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Green beans
Green beans

What's New and Beneficial about Green Beans

  • At WHFoods, we include green beans among our 38 profiled vegetables because most of our website visitors have become accustomed to seeing green beans in the produce section of their local store and treat green beans as a natural fit for the vegetable food group. In a more science-based context, however, green beans rightfully belong in the Beans & Legumes food group, are many aspects of their nutrient content are quite close to other foods in the Beans & Legumes family. For example, both green beans and other legumes provide concentrated amounts of fiber, folate, and numerous minerals. In this context, it is not surprising that a recent review study has included green beans among other legumes that have repeatedly shown the ability to lower our risk of chronic diseases. Included in the list of diseases are type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and metabolic syndrome.
  • Our short steaming time for green beans is not always directly analyzed in research study protocols. (Those protocols often tend to "overcook" in comparison to our very short cooking times at WHFoods.) Although vegetable blanching typically involves direct submersion of vegetables in boiling or near-boiling water, blanching usually involves very brief submersion and we often like to look at blanching studies to get a better idea about the potential impact of our short cooking times, even if they involve steaming instead of boiling. We have seen one recent study on green beans that showed quick blanching—following by either refrigeration or freezing—to have no significant impact on the amount of beta-carotene in the green beans. By contrast, the same blanching process did end up lowering the beta-carotene in some other vegetables, including peas and carrots. Vitamins B2, C, and E in green beans were also found to be well retained in this quick blanching-plus-refrigeration study on green beans.
  • Silicon is mineral that has yet to become fully woven into the field of nutrition. For example, Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) recommendations have yet to be created for silicon, and its average dietary intake in the U.S. has yet to be routinely analyzed. However, health scientists have identified a clear need for silicon in our bodies, primarily in support of our connective tissue and bones. For this reason, new research on silicon and food is always of interest to us, and two recent studies on green beans have caught our eye in this regard. Green beans are typically considered to be a silicon-rich food. Our 1-cup serving size of green beans would be expected to average about 7 milligrams of silicon. Since 20-30 milligrams appears to be a common average intake in the U.S. (and some other countries as well), the amount of silicon provided by 1 cup of steamed green beans would represent about 25-35% of an average day's intake. Interestingly, the silicon in green beans appears to be fairly well absorbed, in the range of 25-50%. This range also appears to compare favorably with other silicon-containing foods. At least one set of researchers have speculated that somewhat higher levels of dietary silicon intake—in the vicinity of 40 milligrams per day—may have a preventive role to play in bone health. More specifically, they have suggested that the risk of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women might be lowered by dietary silicon intake in this higher-than-average range.
  • At WHFoods, Quick Steaming is our preferred method for cooking green beans. We use this approach to maximize flavor and to preserve the best texture as well. We've also learned from a recent study that the steaming of green beans may provide cholesterol-lowering benefits by binding together with bile acids. When the green bean components bind together with bile acids, the liver works to replace the bile acids by mobilizing cholesterol and breaking it down into bile acids. As a result, circulating levels of cholesterol in the blood stream get reduced. Interestingly, the study we reviewed showed greater bile acid binding ability from steamed green beans as compared to raw green beans.
  • Because of their rich green color, we don't always think about green beans as providing us with important amounts of colorful pigments like carotenoids. But they do! Recent studies have confirmed the presence of lutein, beta-carotene, violaxanthin, and neoxanthin in green beans. In some cases, the presence of these carotenoids in green beans is comparable to their presence in other carotenoid-rich vegetables like carrots and tomatoes. The only reason we don't see these carotenoids is because of the concentrated chlorophyll content of green beans and the amazing shades of green that it provides.

WHFoods Recommendations

Our outstanding level of green vegetable intake at WHFoods is 8 servings of green vegetables per day. Many days on our 7-Day Menu reach or exceed this amount, and can be used as guidelines for your personal green vegetable choices. The many different types of green vegetables available to provide you with exceptional nourishment are nothing short of astonishing! Not only can you choose from dark green leafy vegetables from the cruciferous group (for example, mustard greens, turnip greens, kale, or collards), but also from the squash/gourd group (including zucchini and cucumber), the parsley/umbelliferous group (like fennel and celery), green allium vegetables like leeks, green lettuces like romaine, the asparagus group that includes asparagus, and finally, of course, the leguminous vegetable group that includes both green beans and green peas. Rather than relying exclusively on any one of these green vegetable subgroups, we recommend that you consider including green vegetables across all of these subgroups when putting together your weekly meal plan.

Green Beans, cooked
1.00 cup
(125.00 grams)
Calories: 44
GI: very low

NutrientDRI/DV



 fiber16%


 folate10%


 copper8%





 iron5%











This chart graphically details the %DV that a serving of Green beans provides for each of the nutrients of which it is a good, very good, or excellent source according to our Food Rating System. Additional information about the amount of these nutrients provided by Green beans can be found in the Food Rating System Chart. A link that takes you to the In-Depth Nutritional Profile for Green beans, featuring information over 80 nutrients, can be found under the Food Rating System Chart.

Health Benefits

Unique Nutritional Support from Green Beans

We like to think about Green Beans as a "crossover" food that can provide you with some of the great benefits that are usually reserved for legumes, as well as many equally strong benefits that are more closely associated with vegetables. Unlike their very close relatives in the dried bean category (including navy, pinto, and black beans), green beans are lighter weight and less densely packed with carbohydrates. A one-cup serving of cooked green beans will provide about 45 calories and 10 grams of carbs. By contrast, one cup of cooked black beans will provide about 225 calories and 40 grams of carbs. So with green beans, you are getting a lighter and lower calorie food, as well as one with a remarkable crunchy although soft texture; yet you are still getting some of the key nutrient benefits that are usually associated with legumes. For example: like their fellow legumes, green beans qualify as an important source of dietary fiber and dietary protein, as well as a source of key minerals like copper, magnesium, and iron. At the same time, however, green beans go on to provide other benefits more closely associated with vegetables. You are not going to find legumes in our Top 50 foods for vitamin C, yet you are going to find green beans there. Nor will you find legumes in our Top 25 list for vitamin K. But once again, you will find green beans on that Top 25 list. You are also going to find green beans achieving rankings of excellent, very good, or good for 21 nutrients. While this high total number of rankings is not unusual for a vegetable, it is unusual for legumes. Black beans, for example only have 11 total nutrient rankings. Not that 11 rankings is a small number of nutrient rankings for a food! It's just that numbers in this range are more indicative of legumes than they are of vegetables. So as you can see, "leguminous vegetables" like green beans have a way of delivering unique nutritional support that draws from both the legume and vegetable food groups.

Studies show that the chlorophyll content of green beans varies between 7-13 milligrams per 100 grams. In our 1-cup (125 gram) serving of cooked green beans, the average amount would be expected to fall around 12 milligrams. While not nearly as high as a standout vegetable like spinach (which provides twice this amount of chlorophyll per cup), the contribution of chlorophyll from green beans is still on the high side in comparison with many other foods. So chlorophyll can be added to the unique list of supportive nutrients that are provided by green beans.

Alongside of their chlorophyll content, green beans also provide a host of other phytonutrients. Included here are carotenoids like lutein, beta-carotene, violaxanthin, and neoxanthin) and also flavonoids like quercetin, kaemferol, catechins, epicatechins, and procyanidins. Purple green beans like Purple Queen and Royalty Purple also provide anthocyanin flavonoids.

It's worth noting that all of the phytonutrients described above function both as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents inside of our body's metabolism. In the antioxidant context, we have also seen a recent study suggesting that some of the peptide (protein-related) components that get created when green beans are cooked may have helpful antioxidant properties. In this particular study, yellow string beans were the variety of green beans studied.

Popularity of Green Beans Across the Life Cycle

One of the most interesting aspects of research on green beans involves their popularity across the course of the life cycle from childhood through later life. At the childhood end of the spectrum, we've seen studies on green beans in which the green beans were used as a "control" vegetable—in other words, intake of all other vegetables was compared with intake of green beans, and green beans were chosen to serve as the standard for comparison. The familiarity of children with green beans was noted in one study as a key reason for selection of this vegetable as a standard for comparison. At the other end of the life cycle, we have also seen a recent study on food intake by 70+ year old men and women in which green beans ranked in the top 5 foods for total polyphenol content. In fact, green beans were the only vegetable to rank in the top 5 for polyphenols. What better way for a food to provide us with health benefits than to find a place for itself in our food practices throughout all stages of our life cycle.

Other Potential Health Benefits from Green Beans

As a leguminous vegetable, green beans are sometimes included alongside of other legumes when analyzing potential health benefits. This practice makes very good sense to us because green beans belong to the exact same genus/species of plant—Phaseolus vulgaris— as highly popular legumes like black beans, navy beans, pinto beans, and kidney beans. When green beans are analyzed within this legume-based context, they often get linked to risk reduction for chronic disease. Here we are talking about decreased risk of type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and metabolic syndrome. It is not surprising to us that green beans might help lower risk of these particular health problems because they are rich in nutrients that have been shown to provide health protection in these disease areas. Included in this nutrient list would be fiber and protein (green beans are a very good source of the former, and a good source of the latter); B vitamins for support of carbohydrate-related metabolism and blood sugar regulation (especially B1, B2, and B3); B vitamins for cardiovascular support (especially B6 and folate); minerals helpful in blood sugar regulation (especially chromium); and minerals helpful for cardiovascular function (especially magnesium). It's also worth noting that green beans qualify as a good source of omega-3 fats in our WHFoods rating system due to their alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) content. Our one-cup serving of cooked green beans provides 110 milligrams of omega-3s. While this amount is less than 1/10th of the amount provided by one serving of salmon, it is nevertheless sufficient to rank green beans among our Top 25 foods for omega-3s. Due to the helpfulness of omega-3s in preventing unwanted inflammation—and due to their critical role in healthy functioning of our cardiovascular system—it makes good sense for green beans to provide us with cardiovascular support partly due to their omega-3 contribution.

Bone and connective tissue support is an area in which we expect to see more research studies involving green beans. You'll often find green beans being included on lists of silicon-rich foods. Our 1-cup serving size of green beans would be expected to average about 7 milligrams of silicon. While this amount may not sound like a lot, it probably represents at least one fourth—and many as much as one third—of our average daily silicon intake in the U.S. (Unfortunately, not a lot is known about silicon intake in the U.S. and silicon is itself a sparsely researched mineral in terms of diet. For example, the National Academy of Sciences has yet to set Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) recommendations for silicon. Still, silicon has clearly been shown to play an important role in the health of our bone and connective tissue, and we would expect green beans to contribute to health protection in those areas due to their silicon content. Silicon in green beans also appears to be fairly well absorbed, in the range of 25-50%.

One silicon-related area of special interest involves the potential for silicon-rich foods to help reduce risk of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. We expect that future studies may show a helpful role for green beans in this very specific context.

We have yet to find a large-scale human study that links green bean intake to support of the digestive tract, but we would definitely expect to see health benefits in this area. Because the pod of the green bean is eaten right along with the seed, we would expect not only very good fiber intake from consumption of this vegetable but also helpful consumption of specific polysaccharides that are present in the cell walls of the pod. While the polysaccharide composition of the pod cells walls is known to change along with the maturation of the green beans (for example, homogalacturonan is known to increase in quantity), researchers have yet to determine how these polysaccharide changes might be related to support of digestive tract function. It is also worth noting here that green beans provide a robust mix of both soluble and insoluble fibers. In our nutritional profile for one-cup of cooked green beans, we show 1.62 grams of insoluble fiber (41% of the 4-gram total) and 2.37 grams of insoluble fiber (59% of the 4-gram total) in a single serving of this leguminous vegetable.

Description

Although the term "green beans" is a very commonplace and familiar way to refer to this remarkable leguminous vegetable, green beans are actually known by a wide variety of names. Like the term "green beans" itself, all of these names can have a few advantages and disadvantages. For example, "green beans" are definitely not always green! Yellow wax beans are a popular variety of "green beans" as are purple bush beans and even several purple/beige heirloom varieties like Dragon's Tongue.

"Snap beans" (or even just "snaps") and "string beans" are two other widely used terms for green beans. If you have ever broken off the ends of a fresh green bean or broken one in the middle, you undoubtedly know how these vegetables came to be known as "snap beans." The healthy snapping sound that they make when fresh is unmistakable.

You may or may not have come across green bean varieties that still feature a fiber-like string that runs lengthwise along the entire edge of the pod. The reason you may not have encountered a green bean with this feature is the success that has occurred over time with hybridization of green beans. Most green bean varieties that you will find in the supermarket are hybrid varieties that have been selected for the absence of this string. Still, this feature of some green beans is the origin of the term "string beans." Today, you may even find some green bean varieties that go by the entertaining name, "stringless string beans." At WHFoods, we like to stick with the very commonplace term of "green beans." But "snap beans" and "string beans" make equally good names for this much-loved vegetable.

Another common distinction that you may hear in descriptions of green beans is the distinction between "bush" and "pole" beans. As a very general rule, bush beans are varieties that are able to grow on their own without support, and pole beans are varieties that need support (like a pole) in order to thrive. Because of this distinction, you may sometimes hear green beans simply being referred to as either "bush beans" or "pole beans."

Regardless of the name that is used to refer to a green bean—or the reason that a particular name has been chosen—green beans are perhaps best known for their edible pods. While their pod gives green beans their characteristic shape, it may also be possible to see the presence of the seeds that are sheltered inside of the pod since the seeds may cause the pod to bulge slightly outward. At other times, however, the seeds of the green bean are sufficiently immature to be visible along the outer surface of the pod. "Edible pod beans" is yet another name you may hear for green beans.

When it comes to color, most of the green beans that you will find in the supermarket are in fact green in color. However, you will also find yellow beans, purple beans, and purple/beige beans that are simply different varieties of green beans. In all cases, what we are talking about here are fresh beans with edible pods. The name of any particular green bean variety may end up combining combine several aspects of its features. For example, a variety might be called a "purple bush bean" or a "purple string bean" or a "yellow pole bean."

"Haricot vert" is a phrase that literally means "bean green" in French. Not surprisingly, "Haricot Vert" is a term that has used interchangeable with "French Green Bean" and these varieties feature a longer and narrower pod. You may also come across varieties of green beans that are called "Italian flat pod beans." Like their name suggests, Italian flat pod beans have a flatter and less rounded pod than most other green bean varieties.

All of the green bean varieties described above belong to the same genus and species of plant called Phaseolus vulgaris. Within this single genus/species, there are literally hundreds of much-loved green bean varieties. Included here would be bush beans like Tendergreen, Provider, Contender, Blue Lake, and Kentucky Wonder; pole beans including McCaslin, Derby, Blue Lake, and Kentucky Wonder; yellow wax beans including Gold Mine and Yellow Wax; purple beans including Royalty Purple and Purple Queen; heirloom bean varieties like Dragon's Tongue; Italian flat pod beans like Dulcina; and a great many others.

It's also worth noting that this single genus/species of plant—Phaseolus vulgaris—also houses many varieties that are grown not for their edible pods, but for the seeds that they contain. In this case, we are talking about dried beans, several of which we feature on our website. Included alongside of green beans as Phaseolus vulgaris plants are black beans, navy beans, kidney beans, and pinto beans The presence of these many popular bean types within a single genus/species of plant can sometimes make it confusing to sort out different research findings and the exact foods involved.

History

Green beans are native to North, South, and Central America. Plant specialists have documented their native status in numerous parts of Mexico, as well as Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. In South America, the native status of green beans has been linked to Venezuela, Bolivia, Argentina, Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru. Over time, green beans have become naturalized and cultivated worldwide, and they are enjoyed in virtually all types of cuisines.

Because of their diverse naturalization and cultivation, green beans are grown in exportable amounts in many countries throughout the world. Among the world's green bean producing countries are China, India, and Indonesia in Asia and Southeast Asia; Turkey, Egypt, and Morocco in the Middle East and Northern Africa; France, Belgium, Spain, the Netherlands, Italy, and Greece in Europe; Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Costa Rica in Central America; Argentina in South America; and Mexico, Canada, and the United States in North America. In 2015, two thirds of all green beans imported into the U.S. came from Mexico, and 26% from Guatemala, for a total of 93% of all imported green beans.

Within the United States, green beans are commercially grown in many states. Included as major producers of green beans are Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, Georgia, Florida, California, New York, Oregon, North Carolina, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. To a significant extent, the marketplace for green beans is divided up into smaller categories. For example, most green beans grown for processing (into canned and frozen products) are grown in the Midwestern states, while most "fresh market" green beans are grown in the Southern states, Southeastern states, or West Coast states.

How to Select and Store

If possible, purchase green beans at a store or farmer's market that sells them loose so that you can sort through them to choose the beans of best quality. Purchase beans that have a smooth feel and a vibrant green color, and that are free from brown spots or bruises. They should have a firm texture and "snap" when broken.

At WHFoods, we encourage the purchase of certified organically grown foods, and green beans are no exception. Repeated research studies on organic foods as a group show that your likelihood of exposure to contaminants such as pesticides and heavy metals can be greatly reduced through the purchased of certified organic foods, including green beans. In many cases, you may be able to find a local organic grower who sells green beans but has not applied for formal organic certification either through the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) or through a state agency. (Examples of states offering state-certified organic foods include California, New York, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington.) However, if you are shopping in a large supermarket, your most reliable source of organically grown green beans is very likely to be green beans that display the USDA organic logo.

Store unwashed fresh beans pods in a plastic bag kept in the refrigerator crisper. Whole beans stored this way should keep for about seven days.

Here is some background on why we recommend refrigerating green beans. Whenever food is stored, four basic factors affect its nutrient composition: exposure to air, exposure to light, exposure to heat, and length of time in storage. Vitamin C, vitamin B6, and carotenoids are good examples of nutrients highly susceptible to heat, and for this reason, their loss from food is very likely to be slowed down through refrigeration.

Many people wonder about the possibility of freezing green beans, or purchasing green beans that have already been frozen. Both options can work—green beans are definitely a vegetable that can be frozen. We've seen several research studies on the nutritional consequences of freezing green beans, and most studies show the ability of green beans to retain valuable amounts of nutrients for 3-6 months after freezing. If you don't have fresh green beans available on a year-round basis, purchasing frozen green beans can definitely provide you with a nutritionally valuable option.

If you wish to freeze green beans we recommend that you steam the green beans for 2-3 minutes. Remove from heat and let them cool thoroughly before placing them in freezer bags and storing them in your freezer.

It is good to remember that the passage of time appears to lessen the concentration of multiple nutrients. There appears to be less nutrient loss at 3 months than at 6 months, and you may want to limit your freezer storage of green beans (whether frozen at home or pre-purchased in frozen form) to about 3 months for this reason.

Tips for Preparing and Cooking

Tips for Preparing Green Beans

Just prior to using the green beans, wash them under running water. Remove both ends of the beans by either snapping them off or cutting them with a knife.

The Nutrient-Rich Way of Cooking Green Beans

We recommend Quick Steaming green beans. We find that Quick Steaming green beans gives them maximum flavor.

Quick Steaming—similar to Quick Boiling and Healthy Sauté, our other recommended cooking methods—follows three basic cooking guidelines that are generally associated in food science research with improved nutrient retention. These three guidelines are: (1) minimal necessary heat exposure; (2) minimal necessary cooking duration; (3) minimal necessary food surface contact with cooking liquid.

Fill the bottom of a steamer pot with 2 inches of water. While waiting for the water to come to a boil, rinse green beans. It is best to cook green beans whole for even cooking. Steam for 7 minutes, checking tenderness with a fork, and toss with our Mediterranean Dressing and top with your favorite optional ingredients. For details see, .

How to Enjoy

A Few Quick Serving Ideas

  • Green beans are a classic ingredient in Salad Nicoise, a French cold salad dish that combines steamed green beans with tuna fish and potatoes.
  • Healthy sauté green beans with shiitake mushrooms.
  • Prepare the perennial favorite, green beans almondine, by sprinkling slivered almonds on healthy sautéed beans.

WHFoods Recipes That Feature Green Beans

If you'd like even more recipes and ways to prepare green beans the Nutrient-Rich Way, you may want to explore The World's Healthiest Foods book.

Nutritional Profile

Green beans are an excellent source of vitamin K. They are a very good source of manganese, vitamin C, dietary fiber, folate and vitamin B2. In addition, green beans are a good source of copper, vitamin B1, chromium, magnesium, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, choline, vitamin A (in the form of carotenoids), niacin, protein, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, vitamin B6 and vitamin E. Green beans have also been shown to contain valuable amounts of the mineral silicon, and in a form that makes it easier for us to absorb this bone-supportive and connective tissue-supportive nutrient. Green beans have also been shown to contain valuable amounts of the mineral silicon, and in a form that makes it easier for us to absorb this bone-supportive and connective tissue-supportive nutrient.

Introduction to Food Rating System Chart

In order to better help you identify foods that feature a high concentration of nutrients for the calories they contain, we created a Food Rating System. This system allows us to highlight the foods that are especially rich in particular nutrients. The following chart shows the nutrients for which this food is either an excellent, very good, or good source (below the chart you will find a table that explains these qualifications). If a nutrient is not listed in the chart, it does not necessarily mean that the food doesn't contain it. It simply means that the nutrient is not provided in a sufficient amount or concentration to meet our rating criteria. (To view this food's in-depth nutritional profile that includes values for dozens of nutrients - not just the ones rated as excellent, very good, or good - please use the link below the chart.) To read this chart accurately, you'll need to glance up in the top left corner where you will find the name of the food and the serving size we used to calculate the food's nutrient composition. This serving size will tell you how much of the food you need to eat to obtain the amount of nutrients found in the chart. Now, returning to the chart itself, you can look next to the nutrient name in order to find the nutrient amount it offers, the percent Daily Value (DV%) that this amount represents, the nutrient density that we calculated for this food and nutrient, and the rating we established in our rating system. For most of our nutrient ratings, we adopted the government standards for food labeling that are found in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's "Reference Values for Nutrition Labeling." Read more background information and details of our rating system.

Green Beans, cooked
1.00 cup
125.00 grams
Calories: 44
GI: very low
NutrientAmountDRI/DV
(%)
Nutrient
Density
World's Healthiest
Foods Rating
vitamin K20.00 mcg229.1excellent
manganese0.36 mg187.4very good
vitamin C12.13 mg166.7very good
fiber4.00 g166.6very good
folate41.25 mcg104.2very good
vitamin B20.12 mg93.8very good
copper0.07 mg83.2good
vitamin B10.09 mg83.1good
chromium2.04 mcg62.4good
magnesium22.50 mg62.3good
calcium55.00 mg62.3good
potassium182.50 mg52.1good
phosphorus36.25 mg52.1good
choline21.13 mg52.0good
vitamin A43.75 mcg RAE52.0good
vitamin B30.77 mg52.0good
protein2.36 g51.9good
omega-3 fats0.11 g51.9good
iron0.81 mg51.9good
vitamin B60.07 mg41.7good
vitamin E0.56 mg (ATE)41.5good
World's Healthiest
Foods Rating
Rule
excellent DRI/DV>=75% OR
Density>=7.6 AND DRI/DV>=10%
very good DRI/DV>=50% OR
Density>=3.4 AND DRI/DV>=5%
good DRI/DV>=25% OR
Density>=1.5 AND DRI/DV>=2.5%

In-Depth Nutritional Profile

In addition to the nutrients highlighted in our ratings chart, here is an in-depth nutritional profile for Green beans. This profile includes information on a full array of nutrients, including carbohydrates, sugar, soluble and insoluble fiber, sodium, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, amino acids and more.

Green Beans, cooked
(Note: "--" indicates data unavailable)
1.00 cup
(125.00 g)
GI: very low
BASIC MACRONUTRIENTS AND CALORIES
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Protein2.36 g5
Carbohydrates9.85 g4
Fat - total0.35 g--
Dietary Fiber4.00 g16
Calories43.752
MACRONUTRIENT AND CALORIE DETAIL
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Carbohydrate:
Starch-- g
Total Sugars1.94 g
Monosaccharides-- g
Fructose-- g
Glucose-- g
Galactose-- g
Disaccharides-- g
Lactose-- g
Maltose-- g
Sucrose-- g
Soluble Fiber1.62 g
Insoluble Fiber2.37 g
Other Carbohydrates3.91 g
Fat:
Monounsaturated Fat0.01 g
Polyunsaturated Fat0.18 g
Saturated Fat0.08 g
Trans Fat0.00 g
Calories from Fat3.15
Calories from Saturated Fat0.70
Calories from Trans Fat0.00
Cholesterol0.00 mg
Water111.52 g
MICRONUTRIENTS
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Vitamins
Water-Soluble Vitamins
B-Complex Vitamins
Vitamin B10.09 mg8
Vitamin B20.12 mg9
Vitamin B30.77 mg5
Vitamin B3 (Niacin Equivalents)1.18 mg
Vitamin B60.07 mg4
Vitamin B120.00 mcg0
Biotin1.00 mcg3
Choline21.13 mg5
Folate41.25 mcg10
Folate (DFE)41.25 mcg
Folate (food)41.25 mcg
Pantothenic Acid0.09 mg2
Vitamin C12.13 mg16
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin A (Retinoids and Carotenoids)
Vitamin A International Units (IU)875.00 IU
Vitamin A mcg Retinol Activity Equivalents (RAE)43.75 mcg (RAE)5
Vitamin A mcg Retinol Equivalents (RE)87.50 mcg (RE)
Retinol mcg Retinol Equivalents (RE)0.00 mcg (RE)
Carotenoid mcg Retinol Equivalents (RE)87.50 mcg (RE)
Alpha-Carotene0.00 mcg
Beta-Carotene525.00 mcg
Beta-Carotene Equivalents525.00 mcg
Cryptoxanthin0.00 mcg
Lutein and Zeaxanthin886.25 mcg
Lycopene0.00 mcg
Vitamin D
Vitamin D International Units (IU)0.00 IU0
Vitamin D mcg0.00 mcg
Vitamin E
Vitamin E mg Alpha-Tocopherol Equivalents (ATE)0.56 mg (ATE)4
Vitamin E International Units (IU)0.84 IU
Vitamin E mg0.56 mg
Vitamin K20.00 mcg22
Minerals
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Boron-- mcg
Calcium55.00 mg6
Chloride13.75 mg
Chromium2.04 mcg6
Copper0.07 mg8
Fluoride-- mg--
Iodine-- mcg--
Iron0.81 mg5
Magnesium22.50 mg6
Manganese0.36 mg18
Molybdenum-- mcg--
Phosphorus36.25 mg5
Potassium182.50 mg5
Selenium0.25 mcg0
Sodium1.25 mg0
Zinc0.31 mg3
INDIVIDUAL FATTY ACIDS
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Omega-3 Fatty Acids0.11 g5
Omega-6 Fatty Acids0.07 g
Monounsaturated Fats
14:1 Myristoleic0.00 g
15:1 Pentadecenoic0.00 g
16:1 Palmitol0.00 g
17:1 Heptadecenoic0.00 g
18:1 Oleic0.01 g
20:1 Eicosenoic0.00 g
22:1 Erucic0.00 g
24:1 Nervonic0.00 g
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
18:2 Linoleic0.07 g
18:2 Conjugated Linoleic (CLA)-- g
18:3 Linolenic0.11 g
18:4 Stearidonic0.00 g
20:3 Eicosatrienoic0.00 g
20:4 Arachidonic0.00 g
20:5 Eicosapentaenoic (EPA)0.00 g
22:5 Docosapentaenoic (DPA)0.00 g
22:6 Docosahexaenoic (DHA)0.00 g
Saturated Fatty Acids
4:0 Butyric0.00 g
6:0 Caproic0.00 g
8:0 Caprylic0.00 g
10:0 Capric0.00 g
12:0 Lauric0.00 g
14:0 Myristic0.00 g
15:0 Pentadecanoic0.00 g
16:0 Palmitic0.07 g
17:0 Margaric0.00 g
18:0 Stearic0.01 g
20:0 Arachidic0.00 g
22:0 Behenate0.00 g
24:0 Lignoceric0.00 g
INDIVIDUAL AMINO ACIDS
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Alanine0.11 g
Arginine0.10 g
Aspartic Acid0.33 g
Cysteine0.02 g
Glutamic Acid0.24 g
Glycine0.08 g
Histidine0.04 g
Isoleucine0.09 g
Leucine0.14 g
Lysine0.11 g
Methionine0.03 g
Phenylalanine0.09 g
Proline0.09 g
Serine0.13 g
Threonine0.10 g
Tryptophan0.02 g
Tyrosine0.05 g
Valine0.12 g
OTHER COMPONENTS
nutrientamountDRI/DV
(%)
Ash0.91 g
Organic Acids (Total)-- g
Acetic Acid-- g
Citric Acid-- g
Lactic Acid-- g
Malic Acid-- g
Taurine-- g
Sugar Alcohols (Total)-- g
Glycerol-- g
Inositol-- g
Mannitol-- g
Sorbitol-- g
Xylitol-- g
Artificial Sweeteners (Total)-- mg
Aspartame-- mg
Saccharin-- mg
Alcohol0.00 g
Caffeine0.00 mg

Note:

The nutrient profiles provided in this website are derived from The Food Processor, Version 10.12.0, ESHA Research, Salem, Oregon, USA. Among the 50,000+ food items in the master database and 163 nutritional components per item, specific nutrient values were frequently missing from any particular food item. We chose the designation "--" to represent those nutrients for which no value was included in this version of the database.

References

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  • Danesi F and Bordoni A. Effect of home freezing and Italian style of cooking on antioxidant activity of edible vegetables. J Food Sci. 2008 Aug; 73(6):H109-12. 2008.
  • de Wild VW, de Graaf C, and Jager G. Use of Different Vegetable Products to Increase Preschool-Aged Children's Preference for and Intake of a Target Vegetable: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016 Dec 22. pii: S2212-2672(16)31397-1.
  • EL-Qudah JM. Identification and Quantification of Major Carotenoids in Some Vegetables. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 2009; 6(3):492-497. 2009.
  • Gimba JD, Daniel VN, Chundusu ES, et al. Effects of blanching time on anti oxidant (vitamin C) status in some fresh vegetables (carrot, cabbage, and green beans). Continental Journal of Food Science and Technology, 2012, 6, 1, pp 1-3.
  • Gonzalez S, Fernandez M, Cuervo A, et al. Dietary intake of polyphenols and major food sources in an institutionalised elderly population. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2014 Apr;27(2):176-83. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12058. Epub 2013 Mar 24.
  • Guillen S, Mir-Bel J, Oria R, et al. Influence of cooking conditions on organoleptic and health-related properties of artichokes, green beans, broccoli and carrots. Food Chemistry, 2017, 217, pp. 209-216.
  • Iborra-Bernad C, Garcia-Segovia P, and Martinez-Monzo J. Physico-chemical and structural characteristics of vegetables cooked under sous-vide, cook-vide, and conventional boiling. Journal of Food Science, 2015, 80, 8, pp. E1725-E1734.
  • Kahlon TS, Chiu MCM, and Chapman MH. Steam cooking significantly improves in vitro bile acid binding of beets, eggplant, asparagus, carrots, green beans, and cauliflower Original Research ArticleNutrition Research, Volume 27, Issue 12, December 2007, Pages 750-755.
  • Karas M, Jakubczyk A, Szymanowska U, et al. Antioxidant activity of protein hydrolysates from raw and heat-treated yellow string beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment. 2014 Oct-Dec;13(4):385-391.
  • Oomah BD, Corb A and Balasubramanian P. Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Hulls. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2010, 58 (14), pp 8225-8230. 2010.
  • Price CT, Koval KJ, and Langford JR. Silicon: a review of its potential role in the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Int J Endocrinol. 2013;2013:316783. doi: 10.1155/2013/316783.
  • Ranilla LG, Genovese MI and Lajolo FM. Effect of different cooking conditions on phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of some selected Brazilian bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Jul 8; 57(13):5734-42. 2009.
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